Conventional warp drive theory depends upon negative energy. But the LAU-X3 is non-conventional. It does not rely upon negative energy ... or at the very least it uses physics of paradoxical unification rather than physics of mass-reduction. Increasing mass also may be helpful for the relative gravity-time conditions between star systems. A unity of paradoxes handles those things in an "exotic" style of unified physics (not opposite to a physics of mass-reduction, but also including those physics of mass reduction, AND mass increasing). There is nothing to fear; this is quite innocent. I realize many of you, upon seeing the word "negative" become terrified and that completely closes you down because of what you irrationally fear. Love is both positive and negative energies. No need to fear! Love replaces fear. Love overcomes fear. Have no worries.
So, NASA is using negative energy in their warp drive physics, which is the conventional understanding of modern warp physics created by Alcubierre. What is negative energy? How can it be understood?
Energy, as it pertains to the universe, is shape and form, matter, mass, space and time, and cosmic substance. Negative energy therefore is something that exists outside our universe of energy.
Light is simple unity of energy as a unified zero. Light is simultaneous in regard to time and space -- unified mass, unified time, unified space, unity energy.
Negative space and negative time must also be included in a conceptual framework of negative energy.
Reminds me of the Philadelphia experiment.
Negative energy is not the same as light energy. Light energy involves application of simultaneous teleportation and information exchange at any distance, nonlocally.
The concept of using negative energy in warp drive theory involves holding a space and shrinking it, expanding it, stretching it. For example, a basketball made to fit inside a thimble is in a negative space (relative with existing outer space measured by the speed of light).
In mathematical theory, time is not affected by these changes. Any event horizon however, is due to changes in time, not space. We couldn't see the basketball inside the thimble, but we could see the blur of the field. An event horizon that separates space only, enters a new system, and a new dimension, like a pocket.
In reality, the space of the basketball is still the same space it originally was! But to an outside observer, it appears as being smaller than before! That's what the action and application of negative energy actually represents, which lowers the mass of the basketball relative to movement in the universe, while maintaining the same mass "outside" the universe, as it were. It could be stated "inside" the universe, since a negative value is based on measurements relative with "positive" or normal universal space and time. The space can shrink to a relative zero, and any further shrinkage expands into "inner" space, which involves concepts of tesseracts and hypercubes.
Carl Sagan's work with scientists to present a viable reality for his book, "Contact," showed that both positive and negative mass near-simultaneous fluctuations must be present to maintain a stable wormhole which is the function and role of exotic matter. These things do exist in a logical mathematical reality.
Still, nothing is exceeding the speed of light, unless the mass value of a ship reaches a zero (not just a negative), which at that point/place, it becomes light itself, or rather moves through light, and is not bound by any constraints of time and distance.
Negative energy alone cannot achieve that, because negative energy can also be conceived as substance which enters the universe through a portal (for example the negative energy values and virtual particle observations between two conductive plates positioned very close to each other, in certain quantum experiments). The balance is achieved with stable space, but any balance is due to the inherent nature of instability which results in form and shape, which are balances created in the universe.
Light can be represented as the simultaneous fluctuation of positive and negative energy, as a zero, while maintaining its energy (memory) pattern of shape and form.
That shouldn't be confusing; the reason why no mass can exceed the frequency of light, is because mass exists with a frequency of time.
Exceeding the speed of light by using negative energy is a dimensional shift in shape (space), rather than an increase of speed (time) to reach a distant star. None-the-less, reaching the distant star using such application cannot exceed the speed of light.
Also, using negative energy allows ships to move at near light speed, without incurring a temporal difference relative with Earth time.
SOoooo..... a warp drive may have limitations. A "hyperdrive" on the other hand, which includes a concept of hyperspace teleportation and simultaneous jumps between points in space (similar to a concept of stargates and space-folds), is a viable option of super-luminal travel to other stars.
No Thing can exceed the speed of light. What about thought? A thought isn't a thing. Thought acts nonlocally, and telepathic exchanges can occur simultaneously at any distance, much like the twin photon experiment. Energy that has no mass value (light and mind) can teleport to any point in the known universe.
Even though energy is matter and mass, certain types of energy (like light) are considered Unity.
The one thing that HAS to be noted here, is that in the Alcubierre drive, time IS changed! If the time is set to remain in synchronicity with Earth, then that is a unnatural, or technologically achieved change of how time works. Otherwise without a change of time, it would nonetheless take 4.3 years to reach the closest star.
That is also why a hyperdrive is the only thing that can traverse the distance. Because of the midpoint of gravity/time between stars. There needs to be something that can jump that gap. That's also a VERY important concept to understand. In relatively low time frequencies, the distance is actually much greater, because time and distance works together (space/time). Change the time frequency, the distance is changed. Change the space warp, and time too, is consequentially altered.
Even when the ship can change its spacetime warp, that change is also equally opposed at the mid-point between stars. Something must exist to jump the gap -- a "jump drive," or "hyperdrive."
(The physics and mathematics of warp drive)
And also see: "Inflation of Space Theory ... including energy and mass unity" on the Warp Drive News page.
We live our lives on the other side of the Event Horizon, on THIS side of the Event Horizon to Light. As we move about through life, we see through a mirror of time and space. In space, the frequencies appear in reverse to those of time.
The only reason time slows down closer to gravity, and under conditions of speed (special relativity), is because we exist in space, and the actions we take in a standard spacetime continuum (that each individual creates, in relation to the universe) is what stays the same, and time itself stays the same.
If it takes a very long time to do one action near a Black hole than it would take to do that one action on Earth, then it isn't because time slows down. It takes longer time in space, but it is space which is shorter, while time forever remains the separation between each moment of space.
The frequency of time actually gets faster because space gets shorter, contracted or expanded by gravity (mass X acceleration in vortex). X-ray particle fountains from black holes are compressed space streams that are like tightly-bound springs exiting the black hole, and they continue to exist as such until their frequencies of space are decelerated (until the space of their energy gets longer).
Negative Space is thus denoting an increase in frequency, but with a decrease in mass. With a greater inertial mass, then there is a greater force of gravitation, which creates a higher temporal frequency, but space is otherwise "slowed down" normally.
When the inertial frequency is higher, but the gravitational mass goes lower, then we have the conditions of the warp engine which increases the frequencies of time by creating NEGATIVE space, or REDUCING the space, but in nature and in actuality, it is EXPANDING the space from around a source of gravitation which is supposed to CONTRACT space, because it's pulling on space more.
When space is contracted around a star with high gravity (and thus mass), it takes longer in space for one action to travel, because there is more space; and yet there is a higher time frequency which we can use by EXPANDING the space, which paradoxically reduces the mass and gravitation (creating negative space) while increasing the frequency of time.
It is true to say the frequencies of space and time increase closer to a gravitational source. It is true to claim a lower frequency of spacetime between the stars, at the midpoint, of which X-rays from black holes at a higher frequency can cross the expanse of lower-frequency space to be observed.
If it does take less time normally out in deep space, say at the midpoints between stars, then a gravity engine would be required, if a vortex engine is used to reduce the space and increase the time frequency, unless hyperspace teleportation can be achieved.
All these physics pertain to warp field physics, and how to measure space instead of with a yard stick, but with a clock, but from the OTHER side of the Event Horizon of the paradoxical space that is our physical universe.
Using an engine of an inverse gravitation, which creates negative space with an increase of temporal frequency, then the universe starts to make more sense because we can start to see through the quantum mirror.
See the warp drive blog post, "The Paradox of General and Special Relativity."
The picture above is a Gravity Lens. Space ITSELF becomes the lens. The frequency of space is Time.
You can readily see the paradox of frequency -- a higher frequency shortens the distance, but there is more space to travel. A lower frequency also makes for a longer distance to travel, but it is traveled FASTER, because ACTION ITSELF always stays the same, but it takes longer or lesser, depending upon the time frequency, or time-zone of a frequency of space, as determined in the "Paradox of General and Special Relativity" post above.
If it takes less time to travel a distance, the distance is shorter. We can't look at time as the Y axis, and Space as the X, however. Time is invisible in the above drawing, because those waves have no discontinuity. Were I to show time, I would have to show the gaps in each moment of space.
This can illustrate however, that if the distance of space was shortened, it would have to be done using frequency, and vibration of energy, and it would have to be relating with the focus on action itself, not the waveform of spacetime.
At each moment of where space manifests, space has the probability to be completely different than it was the previous moment. During each moment of space, there is a near infinite probability for anything to manifest out of not having to have previously existed. No closed system. Neutrinos go right through Earth, and no amount of shielding will create a truly closed system, otherwise teleportation couldn't exist.
A space warp can manipulate the energies and frequencies of time itself to make the same space become a less distance to travel. Time is what changes that distance directly, whereas gravitation is an indirect force, and result; but there is no such thing as cause and effect according to quantum mechanics.
I just wanted to illustrate, so people can see what I mean by "the waveform" of space, and by using wave mechanics in compliment with inertial geometry.
A couple of very obvious things to see though that I want to point out right away: Deep space is very quick to cross. Parallel waves are not drawn in the above picture, because the picture pertains to electromagnetic waves (transverse, expanding circles in waves). Parallel waves are the difference between shaking one end of a long rope and waiting for that ripple to take time to arrive at its destination, or merely tugging on a taught rope, and instantly being able to act upon the other end of the distance.
A parallel resonance is a LOT different than anything our modern physics of electromagnetic quantum theory and whatnot can really explain or graph easily.
As there becomes less bumps in the fabric of space, a straight line is much faster, PARTICULARLY because you don't have to cross so MUCH of it.
If we are operating in deep space (if we were), then it would be very easy to reach other stars in our neighborhood cluster.
Again though, looking at warp field theory with a focus of energy frequencies of time, then there is a more pure way of seeing the universe from behind the other side of the Event Horizon.